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:2008年翻译资格考试三级口译模拟试题一(4)

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Questions 6-10

  "I delight in Buckingham Palace", said Queen Victoria, when she moved in three weeks after ascending to the throne. Today the 40-acre secluded garden contains specimen shrubs trees and a large lake. Eight to nine thousand people visit it during the annual garden parties.

  It took George IV, on becoming King in 1820, and John Nash, Surveyor-general to George IV when he was Prince Regent, many years to turn the house into a sumptuous palace. Nash demolished the North and South wings and rebuilt them. He constructed Marble Arch as a grand entrance to the enlarged courtyard. As work continued, Nash let his costs run away with him. and Parliament complained. Joseph Hume, ml English politician and reformer fighting for financial retrenchment, said, "The Crown of England does not require such splendour. Foreign countries might indulge in frippery, but England ought to pride herself on her plainness and simplicity." Nevertheless, elegance reigned.

  Queen Victoria was crowned in 1837. When she moved in, Buckingham Palace became, for the first time, the official London residence of Britain's sovereigns. There wasn't a room large enough for grand entertainments, so in 1853-55, Queen Victoria ordered the Ballroom built. 122 feet long, 60 feet wide and 45 feet high, it is, today, used for many events such as the State Banquet, the Diplomatic Reception, and memorial concerts. This is the site of Investitures, where the Queen (who was crowned in 1952) presents the recipients of British honours with their awards. During World War 11 a chapel, converted by Queen Victoria from Nash's conservatory, was bombed. Prince Philip oversaw its rebuilding as the Queen's Gallery, home to a rotating collection of art from the Royal Collection. The Gallery, currently in the process of renovation, will reopen in 2002 for the Queen's Golden Jubilee.

  More than 600 rooms, including 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms comprise the castle's assets. But the "room" best known around the world is the Balcony where the Royal family' gathers on celebratory' and solemn occasions to be seen by' their subjects.

  The Palace is more than a home for the Royals. It is the official administrative headquarters of the monarchy and contains the offices of their staff. It is the place where all Royal ceremonies and official banquets are held. Government ministers, top civil servants and heads of state visit to carry out their duties. It brings a whole new meaning to the phrase 'working from home'.

6. What was the result of Joseph Hume's fighting for financial retrenchment?
(A) He succeeded in cutting the budget of Nash's rebuilding work.
(B) His opposition turned out a failure and the palace was built with extravagance.
(C) He became Nash's strong opponent and they fought with each other since then.
(D) He came to fame as a well-known reformer for financial retrenchment.

7. According to the passage, which of the following are NOT supposed to be held in the Ballroom?
(A) Investitures.
(B) Government banquets.
(C) Religious services.
(D) Diplomatic receptions.

8. According to "the Queen's Golden Jubilee" (para. 3), how long has been the reign of the Queen?
(A) It has to be 25 years under the reign of the Queen.
(B) 45 years should be the minimum for the Queen's Golden Jubilee.
(C) At her age of 50, people usually celebrate the Queen's Golden Jubilee.
(D)The Queen's Golden Jubilee would be celebrated at her 50 year's reign.

9. Why does Buckingham Palace bring a new meaning to the phrase "working from home"?
(A) Because Government offices are located in Buckingham Palace.
(B) Because the Royal family live and work in Buckingham Palace.
(C) Because all Royal ceremonies and official banquets are held in Buckingham Palace.
(D) Because the Royal staff have their offices and residences in Buckingham Palace.

10. According to the passage, which is the most famous place in Buckingham Palace?
(A) The Ballroom.
(B) The Queen's Gallery.
(C) Marble Arch.
(D) The Balcony,

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2008全国翻译资格等级考试网上辅导方案
2008年全国翻译资格等级考试下半年考试时间:11月8日,9日
全国翻译资格等级考试常见问题及解答
全国翻译资格等级考试大纲汇总
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:2008年翻译资格考试三级口译模拟试题一(5)

Questions 11-15

  The Lake District in north-west England is an area remarkably little affected by industrialization. The principal activity is still sheep-farming, as it has been for a thousand years, and many ancient words like ‘fell' for ‘hill' and ‘tam' for ‘lake' are still in daily use. In spite of its heavy rainfall and relative inaccessibility, its special atmosphere and spectacular natural beauty combine to make this one of England's favourite holiday areas at all seasons of the year. But at Christmas 1968, still gripped by the fear that foot-and-mouth disease could spread to the hill flocks and sweep like wildfire right up to the Scottish border, it was quieter than ever before in this century. Luckily not a single farm had caught tile infection, the nearest case having been an isolated one at Kendal several weeks before. but every Lakeland farmer knows that one case among the unfenced hill flocks on the fells could lead to complete annihilation of hundreds of thousands of sheep and the virtual end of the district's principal industry; you cannot replace sheep, acclimatized to their own part of the fell for generations, in the same way that you can replace cattle in a field.

  Nobody could remember a Christmas like it, especially Boxing Dab, which is traditionally one of the big outdoor holidays of the Lakeland year. Normally this is a day spent following the mountain packs of hounds, felt-walking and, if the weather is propitious, skiing and skating, but this time there were none of these things. Visitors were actively discouraged, and those who did come were asked not to go on the fells, footpaths or bridleways or near farmland, while motorists were requested not to drive on minor roads and to shun the smaller valleys. The enterprising hotels which had earlier in the year decided to keep open during the winter were by the end of October having a desperate time. Hundreds of bookings had been cancelled and scores of dinner parties and young farmers' reunions eliminated. All youth hostels were closed. At least one climbing club, unable to climb, substituted a training programme of films and simulated climbs on the more substantial municipal buildings.

  The weather in the area was dry, crisp, windless and cold, in fact ideal for brisk outdoor activities. But nobody was able to enjoy it. Everything was stopped: hunting, walking, climbing, skiing, motor cycle trials, sporting events of every description. All the seasonal dances, festivals, conferences, shepherds' meets and a hundred and one other social occasions abandoned. The ice was bearing on some of the lakes but you could not go skating there. Meanwhile the foxes, emboldened by an unprecedented freedom from harassment, were stalking closer to the farms and the flocks of Christmas turkeys, while the hounds sulked miserably in their kennels.

  Farmers are apt to criticize some sections of the outdoor fraternity for their occasional thoughtless behaviour, but the way that walkers, climbers, skiers, fishermen, hunters and the rest went out of their way to help them at this time should never be forgotten. The general public, locals and visitors a like., tried to give the fell farmers a sporting chance, and this remarkable display of public spirit was the one bright note in a very sad time.

11. The word "this" in line 5 refers to_______.
(A) its special atmosphere
(B) the Industrial Revolution
(C) the spectacular natural beauty
(D) the Lake District

12. The district's principal industry is_______.
(A) fell-walking
(B) snow-skiing
(C) sheep-farming
(D) animal-hunting

13. Because the sheep in the hills are unfenced toot-and-mouth disease might _______.
(A) spread beyond the lakes
(B) annihilate thousands of horses
(C) lead to the virtual end of the tourist industry
(D) destroy the flocks of sheep completely

14. Why were some hotels described as "enterprising"?
(A) Because hundreds of bookings had been cancelled.
(B) Because they decided to keep open during the winter.
(C) Because they still held dinner parties and young farmers reunions.
(D) Because they substituted a training programme of films and simulated climbs.

15. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true during Christmas time in 1968?
(A) The seasonal dances, festivals and other social occasions were abandoned.
(B) The weather in the Lake District was ideal for brisk outdoor activities.
(C) The foxes were stalking closer to the farms and the flocks of turkeys.
(D) The ice was bearing on some of the lakes in the district.

Questions 16-20

Why Men Explode
  Although women get angry just as often as men, rage remains the prototypical male emotion. "My kids still talk about my 'freak-outs,'" says Kim Garretson, 54, a corporate strategist in Minneapolis, who once erupted into volcanic fur5; in a restaurant when served a still-frozen entre2e. "1 didn't express much of anything, but once in a while, I'd just blow."

  Why do so many men lose their tempers? "The rage comes because there's so much frustration when you cut off something that is you. Yet that's what men do, because they're afraid that if you give emotions an inch, they'll take a mile," says psychologist Kenneth W. Christian, PhD, author of Your Own Worst Enemy. "If you don't learn how to work with your emotions, you're a shadow figure, a small incomplete version of yourself. It's only a matter of time until the house of cards that you are falls apart."
  For Kim Garretson, that day came four years ago when he was diagnosed with prostate cancer. As often happens when illness strikes men, he realized he had nothing to lose, and everything to gain, by letting himself feel. "I'm no longer afraid of expressing almost any emotion," he says. "I get anger out with my quick, sharp tongue and move on. I use humor as an outlet, I've reconnected with old friends. I talk about the big questions of life. 1 search for spiritual meaning."

  Guys, Try These

  In his Dirty Harry days, Clint Eastwood never flinched. Now as a husband, father and Oscar-winning director of movies that explore the depths of men's souls, the tough guy has turned tender--but not talkative. "The men who hide their emotions the most may; in fact be the most sensitive," observes Christian. Yet men can become more emotionally expressive without tears or fears. Here are some ways to start:

  Develop a creative outlet. Hobbies like painting or playing a musical instrument can tap into a man's soul. Remember that much of the world's greatest art, music and literature was created by the allegedly emotionally challenged sex.

  Release stress and anger through exercise. "When you get to the breaking point where you just want to put your head through a wall, taking a ten-minute time-out isn't enough to calm down," says Westover, who in moments of extreme emotion finds a place to drop to the floor and do push-ups.

  Try' expressing "a little" emotion. "Start with feelings you can control, find a sympathetic ear and use the term 'a little,'" suggests Coleman, Saying you feel "a little" sad or "a little" scared feels safer than a full declaration of vulnerability.
  ?Lean into the discomfort. "Rather than avoiding a feeling that you're not sure how to handle, move toward it," says psychologist Travis Bradbury, PhD, co-author of The Emotional Intelligence Quick Book. "Learning to handle emotions takes time and practice, because you need to retrain your brain, but it does get easier."

16. Kim Garretson, a 54-year-old corporate strategist, once got very angry when_______.

(A) diagnosed with lung cancer
(B) given a take musical instrument
(C) dragged into a mountainous trip
(D) served cold food in a restaurant

17. "They'll take a mile." (para. 2), 'they' refers to_______.
(A) psychologists
(B) cards
(C) emotions
(D) friends

18. If you fail to learn how to work with your emotions,_______.
(A) you will sooner or later break down
(B) you will be an active figure in shadow boxing
(C) you will be afraid of expressing almost any emotion
(D) you will spend more time searching for spiritual meaning

19. Which of the following ways to control emotions is NOT recommended in the passage?
(A) To talk as much as possible.
(B) To lean into the discomfort.
(C) To develop a creative outlet.
(D) To try expressing "a little" emotion.

20. What main idea is discussed in the passage?
(A) How to develop your emotions.
(B) How to check your emotions.
(C) How to handle your emotions.
(D) How to express your emotions.

更多翻译资格考试相关信息请关注:

2008全国翻译资格等级考试网上辅导方案
2008年全国翻译资格等级考试下半年考试时间:11月8日,9日
全国翻译资格等级考试常见问题及解答
全国翻译资格等级考试大纲汇总
翻译资格等级考试用书推荐

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